Of all weapons of violence, guns cause the greatest harm. It is estimated that over half a million people die from armed violence every year and the highest proportion of these will be at the end of a gun. This is just those killed by guns, countless more are wounded, or take their lives with one.
For example, the United States has the highest rate of gun-related deaths among industrialised countries, with more than 30 000 fatalities annually . To date, research on gun violence has been limited and under-funded. One 2017 estimate says that gun-violence research is funded at about $63 per life lost, making it the second-most-neglected major cause of death, after falls .
The GCIR seeks to stimulate the debate about guns and their role in violence through detailed research, research investment analysis and focused advocacy.
 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. About compressed mortality, 1999-2014. https://wonder.cdc.gov/cmf-icd10.html.
 Stark DE, Shah NH. Funding and Publication of Research on Gun Violence and Other Leading Causes of Death. JAMA. 2017;317(1):84–85. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16215