In 2019, AOAV recorded 29,485 casualties from explosive violence, of which 66% were civilians [1]. When explosive weapons were used in populated areas such as towns and cities, 90% of those were civilians [1]. Blast injuries caused by conflict, landmines and terrorism are a global humanitarian challenge, posing a serious and ongoing threat to vulnerable populations in LMICs as well as those in HMICs. These incidents place significant stress on fragile health systems and resulting blast injuries have devastating impacts on individual’s health and welfare. There is a clear need for research to address these issues through improved blast protection, emergency response and healthcare to increase LMIC’s resilience and preparedness to explosive violence.

Building on the International Blast Injury Research Network (IBRN) established in 2019 [2], the GCIR will sustain and further expand networks developed through this initiative.




[1] Action on Armed Violence (AOAV), “Explosive Violence Monitor 2019,” AOAV, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[2] The International Blast Injury Research Network (IBRN). Available at: